Alpha-1 antitrypsin transcytosis and secretion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protective levels of Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) are achieved in the lung through the uptake of the pulmonary vasculature of hepatocyte-secreted A1AT. The anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and anti-protease properties of A1AT are critical toward maintaining the function of pulmonary endothelial and epithelial cells and for the structural integrity of the pulmonary interstitium. To perform these functions A1AT must cross the pulmonary-endothelial barrier. Using transwell inserts, we have demonstrated that the endocytosis of A1AT at the apical surface of endothelial cells, followed by the transcytosis and secretion at the basolateral surface, is a mechanism through which A1AT is transported into the lung epithelium and interstitium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages173-184
Number of pages12
Volume1639
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1639
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

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Keywords

  • Endocytosis
  • Endothelial
  • Epithelial
  • Pulmonary
  • Secretion
  • Supernatant
  • Transcytosis
  • Transport
  • Western blot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Lockett, A. (2017). Alpha-1 antitrypsin transcytosis and secretion. In Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1639, pp. 173-184). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 1639). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7163-3_17