The insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) receptor (IGF-IIR) is a single-chain transmembrane protein identical to the mannose-6-phosphate receptor. In the present study we examined IGF-IIR expression in normal and cancerous human pancreatic tissues. In the normal pancreas, moderately strong IGF-IIR immunoreactivity was present in the cytoplasm of islet cells, and mild cytoplasmic immunoreactivity was evident occasionally in ductal and acinar cells. Some ductal cells also exhibited nuclear IGF-IIR immunoreactivity. In the pancreatic cancers, regions of strong IGF-IIR immunoreactivity were present in the duct-like cancer cells within the tumor mass, often exhibiting nuclear localization. Expression of IGF-IIR mRNA in the cancer cells was confirmed by in situ hybridization. By comparison with normal pancreatic tissues, 7 of 12 pancreatic cancers exhibited a 5.6-fold increase in IGF-IIR mRNA levels, whereas in 3 cancers the IGF-IIR transcript was below the level of detection. Furthermore, all six tested cultured human pancreatic cancer cell lines expressed the IGF-IIR mRNA transcript. Our data indicate that IGF-IIR is overexpressed in a significant number of human pancreatic cancers, where it has a tendency to localize in the nucleus, and raise the possibility that IGF-IIR may contribute to the pathobiology of pancreatic cancer.
- Altered expression
- Human pancreatic cancer
- Insulin-like growth factor II receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism