Ambient air pollution and decreased lung function in children of Durban, South Africa

Paula I. Johnson, Yi Wang, Thomas G. Robins, Rajen N. Naidoo, Graciela B. Mentz, Stuart A. Batterman, Caron Jack

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The possible relationships between ambient pollution and respiratory outcomes among school children in the metropolitan area of Durban, South Africa, were studied. Those residing in the "South" (South Durban) were compared to those in the "North". There was a stronger association between increased NO and NO2 and decrements in peak expiratory flow and forced expiratory volume at one second among children with persistent asthma, as compared to those without persistent asthma, although this relationship was not statistically significant among this smaller group of children. The differences in lung function between the north and south do not appear likely to be explained by differences in persistent asthma rates, since including persistent asthma as an effect modifier did not show a difference. Adjusting the models for persistent asthma suggested that the effects of NO and NO2 exposure on those with or without persistent asthma are not much different. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 102nd Air & Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition (Detroit, MI 6/16-19/2009).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication102nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition 2009
Pages3225-3231
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event102nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition 2009 - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Jun 16 2009Jun 19 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA
Volume5
ISSN (Print)1052-6102

Other

Other102nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition 2009
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period6/16/096/19/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Johnson, P. I., Wang, Y., Robins, T. G., Naidoo, R. N., Mentz, G. B., Batterman, S. A., & Jack, C. (2009). Ambient air pollution and decreased lung function in children of Durban, South Africa. In 102nd Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition 2009 (pp. 3225-3231). (Proceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA; Vol. 5).