Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Amblyopia is reduced visual acuity in one or both eyes due to reduced visual input or abnormal binocular interaction early in life. Amblyopic eyes also have deficits in contrast sensitivity, accommodation, and spatial orientation [56]. The prevalence of amblyopia is 3-5% [4]; it is usually unilateral and associated with anisometropia or strabismus (or both). Its onset is in the first decade of life, but its effects can last a lifetime [4]. Amblyopia is best diagnosed and treated as early as possible, but data from clinical trials have challenged the notion of a significant age effect of treatment [35, 36].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Ophthalmology
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Thought and A Practical Guide
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9783540686309
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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