Amino acid transport in a kidney epithelial cell line (MDCK): Characteristics of Na+/amino acid symport in membrane vesicles and basolateral localization in cell monolayers

Julia E. Lever, Brian Kennedy, Ranga Vasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Na+-stimulated amino acid transport was investigated in MDCK kidney epithelial cell monolayers and in isolated membrane vesicles. When transport polarity was assessed in confluent polarized epithelial cell monolayers cultured on Nucleopore filters and mounted between two lucite chambers, Na+-stimulated transport of 2-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB), a substrate specific for the A system, was predominantly localized on the basolateral membrane. Na+-stimulated amino acid transport activity was maximal in subconfluent cultures, and was substantially reduced after confluence. A membrane vesicle preparation was isolated from confluent MDCK cell cultures which was enriched in Na+-stimulated MeAIB transport activity and Na+,K+,ATPase activity, a basolateral marker, but was not enriched in apical marker enzyme activities or significantly contaminated by mitochondria. Na+-coupled amino acid transport activity assayed in vesicles exhibited a marked dependence on external pH, with an optimum at pH 7.4. The pattern of competitive interactions among neutral amino acids was characteristic of A system transport. Na+-coupled MeAIB and AIB transport in vesicles was electrogenic, stimulated by creation of an interior-negative membrane potential. The Na+ dependence of amino acid transport in vesicles suggested a Na+ symport mechanism with a 1:1 stoichiometry between Na+ and amino acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-340
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume234
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Ion Transport
Monolayers
Epithelial Cells
Membranes
Kidney
Amino Acids
Cell Line
Transport Vesicles
Neutral Amino Acids
Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells
Mitochondria
Enzyme activity
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Cell culture
Stoichiometry
Membrane Potentials
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Cell Culture Techniques
Substrates
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Na+-stimulated amino acid transport was investigated in MDCK kidney epithelial cell monolayers and in isolated membrane vesicles. When transport polarity was assessed in confluent polarized epithelial cell monolayers cultured on Nucleopore filters and mounted between two lucite chambers, Na+-stimulated transport of 2-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB), a substrate specific for the A system, was predominantly localized on the basolateral membrane. Na+-stimulated amino acid transport activity was maximal in subconfluent cultures, and was substantially reduced after confluence. A membrane vesicle preparation was isolated from confluent MDCK cell cultures which was enriched in Na+-stimulated MeAIB transport activity and Na+,K+,ATPase activity, a basolateral marker, but was not enriched in apical marker enzyme activities or significantly contaminated by mitochondria. Na+-coupled amino acid transport activity assayed in vesicles exhibited a marked dependence on external pH, with an optimum at pH 7.4. The pattern of competitive interactions among neutral amino acids was characteristic of A system transport. Na+-coupled MeAIB and AIB transport in vesicles was electrogenic, stimulated by creation of an interior-negative membrane potential. The Na+ dependence of amino acid transport in vesicles suggested a Na+ symport mechanism with a 1:1 stoichiometry between Na+ and amino acid.",
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T2 - Characteristics of Na+/amino acid symport in membrane vesicles and basolateral localization in cell monolayers

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AU - Kennedy, Brian

AU - Vasan, Ranga

PY - 1984/11/1

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N2 - Na+-stimulated amino acid transport was investigated in MDCK kidney epithelial cell monolayers and in isolated membrane vesicles. When transport polarity was assessed in confluent polarized epithelial cell monolayers cultured on Nucleopore filters and mounted between two lucite chambers, Na+-stimulated transport of 2-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB), a substrate specific for the A system, was predominantly localized on the basolateral membrane. Na+-stimulated amino acid transport activity was maximal in subconfluent cultures, and was substantially reduced after confluence. A membrane vesicle preparation was isolated from confluent MDCK cell cultures which was enriched in Na+-stimulated MeAIB transport activity and Na+,K+,ATPase activity, a basolateral marker, but was not enriched in apical marker enzyme activities or significantly contaminated by mitochondria. Na+-coupled amino acid transport activity assayed in vesicles exhibited a marked dependence on external pH, with an optimum at pH 7.4. The pattern of competitive interactions among neutral amino acids was characteristic of A system transport. Na+-coupled MeAIB and AIB transport in vesicles was electrogenic, stimulated by creation of an interior-negative membrane potential. The Na+ dependence of amino acid transport in vesicles suggested a Na+ symport mechanism with a 1:1 stoichiometry between Na+ and amino acid.

AB - Na+-stimulated amino acid transport was investigated in MDCK kidney epithelial cell monolayers and in isolated membrane vesicles. When transport polarity was assessed in confluent polarized epithelial cell monolayers cultured on Nucleopore filters and mounted between two lucite chambers, Na+-stimulated transport of 2-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB), a substrate specific for the A system, was predominantly localized on the basolateral membrane. Na+-stimulated amino acid transport activity was maximal in subconfluent cultures, and was substantially reduced after confluence. A membrane vesicle preparation was isolated from confluent MDCK cell cultures which was enriched in Na+-stimulated MeAIB transport activity and Na+,K+,ATPase activity, a basolateral marker, but was not enriched in apical marker enzyme activities or significantly contaminated by mitochondria. Na+-coupled amino acid transport activity assayed in vesicles exhibited a marked dependence on external pH, with an optimum at pH 7.4. The pattern of competitive interactions among neutral amino acids was characteristic of A system transport. Na+-coupled MeAIB and AIB transport in vesicles was electrogenic, stimulated by creation of an interior-negative membrane potential. The Na+ dependence of amino acid transport in vesicles suggested a Na+ symport mechanism with a 1:1 stoichiometry between Na+ and amino acid.

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