Trigeminal motoneurons (Mo5) and mesencephalic trigeminal neurons (Me5) are important constituents of the neural circuitry responsible for jaw movements. Non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)glutamate receptors are a critical component of the brainstem circuitry responsible for reflex and centrally activated jaw movements; however, little is known about the expression of these receptors in neonatal oral-motor circuitry. Receptor immunohistochemistry using affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies directed against GluR1, GluR2/3/4c, and GluR4, respectively, and a monoclonal antibody directed against the GluR2 subunit, were used in rats at postnatal day (P)1, P3, P5, P10, P19-21, P32-35, and P60 to describe the expression of the alpha-amino-d-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor in Mo5 and Me5 neurons. In Mo5, immunoreactivity was noted for all antibodies throughout the time frame sampled. Neurons in caudal portions of Me5 displayed immunoreactivity to each antibody except at P60 when GluR2 immunoreactivity was absent. Neurons located in rostral Me5 displayed GluR2/3/4c and GluR4 immunoreactivity throughout the time frame, GluR1 immunoreactivity emerged at P3 and a transient expression of GluR2 expression was observed between P10 and P32-35. The lack of labeling of some neurons in both regions, coupled with differences in temporal expression, suggests that there are differences in the AMPA receptor phenotype within and between Mo5 and Me5 during postnatal development. Differences in AMPA subunit composition suggest a complex role for AMPA-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission in brainstem circuits controlling jaw movements. (C) 2000 WiLey-Liss, Inc.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Comparative Neurology|
|State||Published - 2000|
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