Amylin modulates β-cell glucose sensing via effects on stimulus-secretion coupling

P. Kay Wagoner, Chen Chen, Jennings F. Worley, Iain D. Dukes, Gerry S. Oxford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The release of insulin from the pancreatic β cell is dependent upon a complex interplay between stimulators and inhibitors. Recently, amylin, a peptide secreted by pancreatic β cells, has been implicated in the development of type II (noninsulin dependent) diabetes through its modulation of the peripheral effects of insulin. However, the effect of amylin on insulin secretion from the β cell has remained controversial. It is reported here that in single β cells exhibiting normal glucose sensing, amylin causes membrane hyperpolarization, increases in net outward current, and reductions in insulin secretion. In contrast, in cells with abnormal glucose sensing (e.g., from db/db diabetic mice), amylin has no effect on electrical activity or secretion. Thus, amylin's effects on excitation-secretion coupling in the β cell of the pancreas appear to be linked to the cell's capacity for normal glucose sensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9145-9149
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume90
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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