An adversorial approach to enable re-use of machine learning models and collaborative research efforts using synthetic unstructured free-text medical data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We leverage Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) to produce synthetic free-text medical data with low re-identification risk, and apply these to replicate machine learning solutions. We trained GAN models to generate free-text cancer pathology reports. Decision models were trained using synthetic datasets reported performance metrics that were statistically similar to models trained using original test data. Our results further the use of GANs to generate synthetic data for collaborative research and re-use of machine learning models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMEDINFO 2019
Subtitle of host publicationHealth and Wellbeing e-Networks for All - Proceedings of the 17th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics
EditorsBrigitte Seroussi, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Brigitte Seroussi
PublisherIOS Press
Pages1510-1511
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781643680026
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2019
Event17th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics, MEDINFO 2019 - Lyon, France
Duration: Aug 25 2019Aug 30 2019

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
Volume264
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365

Conference

Conference17th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics, MEDINFO 2019
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period8/25/198/30/19

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Keywords

  • Dataset
  • Machine Learning
  • Neural Networks (Computer)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Kasthurirathne, S. N., Dexter, G., & Grannis, S. J. (2019). An adversorial approach to enable re-use of machine learning models and collaborative research efforts using synthetic unstructured free-text medical data. In B. Seroussi, L. Ohno-Machado, L. Ohno-Machado, & B. Seroussi (Eds.), MEDINFO 2019: Health and Wellbeing e-Networks for All - Proceedings of the 17th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics (pp. 1510-1511). (Studies in Health Technology and Informatics; Vol. 264). IOS Press. https://doi.org/10.3233/SHTI190509