An evaluation of Type A and B alcoholics

MARC A. SCHUCKIT, JAYSON E. TIPP, TOM L. SMITH, ESTEE SHAPIRO, VICTOR M. HESSELBROCK, KATHY K. BUCHOLZ, THEODORE REICH, JOHN I. NURNBERGER

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72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluations of 1539 alcohol‐dependent subjects (including 5/2 women) were carried out in an attempt to replicate the Type AJB dichotomy suggested by Babor et al. (1992). The subjects are participants in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA), and each was evaluated using a face‐to‐face structured interview. Following the procedure of Babor et al. (1992), data were used to create 17 domains, and a k‐means clustering method was invoked to generate a two‐cluster solution. Thirty‐one per cent of the mates and 25% of the females fell into the Type B group, with overall R2 of 0.22 and 0.24 for males and females, respectively. The scores in each of the 17 domains and the analyses of the clinical characteristics for Type A and B subjects were, in general, consistent with the earlier onset and more severe course for Type B men and women. The ability of the domains to identify subgroups of alcoholics remained robust even after the exclusion of alcohol dependent subjects with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and those with an onset of alcohol dependence before age 25 years. The present analyses suggest that five of the 17 domains might be especially useful in identifying Type A and B groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1203
Number of pages15
JournalAddiction
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    SCHUCKIT, MARC. A., TIPP, JAYSON. E., SMITH, TOM. L., SHAPIRO, ESTEE., HESSELBROCK, VICTOR. M., BUCHOLZ, KATHY. K., REICH, THEODORE., & NURNBERGER, JOHN. I. (1995). An evaluation of Type A and B alcoholics. Addiction, 90(9), 1189-1203. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.1995.90911894.x