We have prepared by semisynthetic methods a two-chain insulin/insulin-like growth factor I hybrid that contains a synthetic peptide related to residues 22-41 of insulin-like growth factor I linked via peptide bond to Arg(B22) of des-octapeptide-(B23-B30)-insulin and have applied the analog to the analysis of ligand interactions with the type I insulin-like growth factor and insuuin receptors of placental plasma membranes. Relative potencies for the inhibition of 125I-labeled insulin-like growth factor I binding to type I insulin-like growth factor receptors were 1.0:0.20:0.003 for insulin-like growth factor I, the hybrid analog, and insulin, respectively. Corresponding relative potencies for the inhibition of 125I-labeled insulin binding to insulin receptors were 0.007:0.28:1 for the three respective peptides. Additional studies identified that the hybrid analog interacts with only one of two populations of insulin-like growth factor I binding sites on placental plasma membranes and permitted the analysis of insulin-like growth factor I interactions with the separate populations of binding sites. We conclude that (a) des-octapeptide-(B23-B30)-insulin can serve well as a scaffold to support structural elements of insulin-like growth factor I and insulin necessary for high affinity binding to their receptors, (b) major aspects of structure relevant to the conferral of receptor binding affinity lie in the COOH-terminal region of the insulin B chain and in the COOH-terminal region of the insulin-like growth factor I B domain and in its C domain, and (c) the evolution of ligand-receptor specificity in these systems has relied as much on restricting interactions (through the selective introduction of negative structural elements) as it has on enhancing interactions (through the introduction of affinity conferring elements of structure).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 12 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology