An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss.

Wilma Powell Stuart, Marion E. Broome, Barbara A. Smith, Michael Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The number of overweight adolescents aged 12-19 has tripled during the past 2 decades. Although health risks associated with obesity in adolescence and adulthood are well documented in the literature, little is known about the efficacy of interventions to reduce health risks of this group. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to describe the scope, domain, and effectiveness of weight loss interventions with overweight adolescents. English-language journal articles published in nursing, psychology, nutrition, medicine, and exercise physiology literature between 1980 and 2003 were retrieved. Seventeen studies using comparison or control groups and interventions directed at reductions in adolescent body mass index or body weight were identified. Descriptive findings of those studies are reported here. Five specific limitations of these studies emerged from the analysis of the interventions: the study findings have not been validated by replication, the samples failed to include adequate representation of Latino and African American male participants, family participation in studies has been inconsistent and infrequent, there is a need for attention to study dropout rates (with attrition reported as high as 45%), and there is a need for conceptual frameworks to guide the studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of School Nursing
Volume21
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Weight Loss
Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Pediatric Obesity
Health
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Body Mass Index
Nursing
Language
Body Weight
Medicine
Psychology
Control Groups
Study Guide

Cite this

Stuart, W. P., Broome, M. E., Smith, B. A., & Weaver, M. (2005). An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss. Journal of School Nursing, 21(2), 77-85.

An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss. / Stuart, Wilma Powell; Broome, Marion E.; Smith, Barbara A.; Weaver, Michael.

In: Journal of School Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2005, p. 77-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stuart, WP, Broome, ME, Smith, BA & Weaver, M 2005, 'An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss.', Journal of School Nursing, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 77-85.
Stuart WP, Broome ME, Smith BA, Weaver M. An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss. Journal of School Nursing. 2005;21(2):77-85.
Stuart, Wilma Powell ; Broome, Marion E. ; Smith, Barbara A. ; Weaver, Michael. / An integrative review of interventions for adolescent weight loss. In: Journal of School Nursing. 2005 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 77-85.
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