An introduction to toothpaste - its purpose, history and ingredients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toothpaste is a paste or gel to be used with a toothbrush to maintain and improve oral health and aesthetics. Since their introduction several thousand years ago, toothpaste formulations have evolved considerably - from suspensions of crushed egg shells or ashes to complex formulations with often more than 20 ingredients. Among these can be compounds to combat dental caries, gum disease, malodor, calculus, erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. Furthermore, toothpastes contain abrasives to clean and whiten teeth, flavors for the purpose of breath freshening and dyes for better visual appeal. Effective toothpastes are those that are formulated for maximum bioavailability of their actives. This, however, can be challenging as compromises will have to be made when several different actives are formulated in one phase. Toothpaste development is by no means complete as many challenges and especially the poor oral substantivity of most active ingredients are yet to overcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2013

Fingerprint

Toothpastes
History
Dentin Sensitivity
Tooth Bleaching
Egg Shell
Calculi
Oral Health
Dental Caries
Gingiva
Ointments
Esthetics
Biological Availability
Suspensions
Coloring Agents
Gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

An introduction to toothpaste - its purpose, history and ingredients. / Lippert, Frank.

In: Unknown Journal, Vol. 23, 19.06.2013, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{873385403f2c41c5ab56b31f2c813cf4,
title = "An introduction to toothpaste - its purpose, history and ingredients",
abstract = "Toothpaste is a paste or gel to be used with a toothbrush to maintain and improve oral health and aesthetics. Since their introduction several thousand years ago, toothpaste formulations have evolved considerably - from suspensions of crushed egg shells or ashes to complex formulations with often more than 20 ingredients. Among these can be compounds to combat dental caries, gum disease, malodor, calculus, erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. Furthermore, toothpastes contain abrasives to clean and whiten teeth, flavors for the purpose of breath freshening and dyes for better visual appeal. Effective toothpastes are those that are formulated for maximum bioavailability of their actives. This, however, can be challenging as compromises will have to be made when several different actives are formulated in one phase. Toothpaste development is by no means complete as many challenges and especially the poor oral substantivity of most active ingredients are yet to overcome.",
author = "Frank Lippert",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1159/000350456",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Biological Psychiatry",
issn = "0006-3223",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An introduction to toothpaste - its purpose, history and ingredients

AU - Lippert, Frank

PY - 2013/6/19

Y1 - 2013/6/19

N2 - Toothpaste is a paste or gel to be used with a toothbrush to maintain and improve oral health and aesthetics. Since their introduction several thousand years ago, toothpaste formulations have evolved considerably - from suspensions of crushed egg shells or ashes to complex formulations with often more than 20 ingredients. Among these can be compounds to combat dental caries, gum disease, malodor, calculus, erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. Furthermore, toothpastes contain abrasives to clean and whiten teeth, flavors for the purpose of breath freshening and dyes for better visual appeal. Effective toothpastes are those that are formulated for maximum bioavailability of their actives. This, however, can be challenging as compromises will have to be made when several different actives are formulated in one phase. Toothpaste development is by no means complete as many challenges and especially the poor oral substantivity of most active ingredients are yet to overcome.

AB - Toothpaste is a paste or gel to be used with a toothbrush to maintain and improve oral health and aesthetics. Since their introduction several thousand years ago, toothpaste formulations have evolved considerably - from suspensions of crushed egg shells or ashes to complex formulations with often more than 20 ingredients. Among these can be compounds to combat dental caries, gum disease, malodor, calculus, erosion and dentin hypersensitivity. Furthermore, toothpastes contain abrasives to clean and whiten teeth, flavors for the purpose of breath freshening and dyes for better visual appeal. Effective toothpastes are those that are formulated for maximum bioavailability of their actives. This, however, can be challenging as compromises will have to be made when several different actives are formulated in one phase. Toothpaste development is by no means complete as many challenges and especially the poor oral substantivity of most active ingredients are yet to overcome.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925860454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925860454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000350456

DO - 10.1159/000350456

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Biological Psychiatry

JF - Biological Psychiatry

SN - 0006-3223

ER -