Intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) has an anabolic effect in cancellous bone of osteoporotic humans. However, the effect of PTH on cortical bone with Haversian remodeling remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of biosynthetic human PTH(1-34) on the histology and mechanical properties of cortical bone in rabbits, which exhibit Haversian remodeling. Mature New Zealand white rabbits were treated with once daily injections of vehicle, or PTH(1-34), LY333334, at 10 μg/kg/day or 40 μg/kg/day for 140 days. Body weight in rabbits treated with PTH did not change significantly over the experimental period. Serum calcium and phosphate were within the normal range, but a 1 mg/ml increase in serum calcium was observed in rabbits given the higher dose of PTH. Histomorphometry of cortical bone in the midshaft of the tibia showed significant increases in periosteal and endocortical bone formation in these rabbits. Intracortical bone remodeling in the tibia was activated and cortical porosity increased by PTH. Cross-sectional bone area and bone mass of the midshaft of the femur increased significantly after PTH treatment. Ultimate force, stiffness, and work to failure of the midshaft of the femur of rabbits given the 40 μg dose of PTH were significantly greater than those in the control group, whereas elastic modulus was significantly lower than that in the rabbits given the 10 μg dose of PTH, but not different from controls. In the third lumbar vertebra, PTH increased both formation and resorption without increasing cancellous bone volume. The increases in bone turnover and cortical porosity were accompanied by concurrent increases in bone at the periosteal and endocortical surfaces. The combination of these phenomena resulted in an enhancement of the ultimate stress, stiffness, and work to failure of the femur.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine