Analysis of cell wall and membrane contamination of ribosomal preparations from Streptococcus mutans

R. L. Gregory, I. L. Shechmeister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A ribosomal preparation from a cariogenic strain of Streptococcus mutans was examined for cell wall and membrane contamination. A biochemical characterization established that the preparation contained 61.0% RNA and 39.0% protein. Carbohydrate was not detected by phenol-sulfuric acid or methyl pentose assays. Glucosyltransferase and D-succinate dehydrogenase, which are cell wall- and membrane-associated enzymes, respectively, were not found. However, D-lactate dehydrogenase, another membrane-associated enzyme, was present in the preparation. A comparison of two-dimensional gel electropherograms of a mixture of cell walls and membranes and the S. mutans ribosomal preparation revealed contamination of the latter sample with at least six cell wall- or membrane-associated proteins. Adsorption of a rabbit antiserum raised against the ribosomal preparation with whole S. mutans cells abrogated antibodies directed against at least two proteins from the ribosomal preparation. Immunodiffusion plates showed reactivity of this antiserum against preparations of purified lipoteichoic acid from Streptococcus pyogenes and S. mutans. Adsorption of rat and rabbit antisera against the ribosomal preparation with the cell wall-derived materials glucosyltransferase, lipoteichoic acid, glucan, and a Rantz-Randall extract reduced the concentration of antibodies against the ribosomes by as much as 10-fold. These data indicated that the preparation was contaminated with at least six cell wall proteins, one cell membrane-associated enzyme, and lipoteichoic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-816
Number of pages10
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume39
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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