Exophytic condylomata acuminata of the external genitalia of 40 patients were analyzed for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA by the Southern blot and hybrid capture methods. All lesions were initially analyzed by the Southern blot method by using a mixture of HPV type 6, 11, 16, and 18 whole genomic probes. Southern blots demonstrated characteristic PstI restriction patterns of HPV type 6, 11, or 16 in all but one lesion. HPV 6 subtypes accounted for 28 of 39 HPV-positive lesions. Twenty-seven of these 28 lesions contained HPV type 6a, and 1 lesion contained HPV type 6c. Eight lesions contained HPV type 11 and three contained HPV type 16. Two of the three condylomata acuminata containing HPV type 16 were obtained from solid-organ transplant recipients receiving immunosuppressive medications. The third lesion containing HPV type 16 was a typical exophytic condyloma acuminatum from a woman with previously resected vulvar carcinoma. The hybrid capture assay detected HPV DNAs in all lesions except the Southern blot-negative lesion. Twenty-five lesions were positive for the A probe only (HPV types 6 and 11 and related types). All of these lesions were found to contain HPV type 6 or 11 sequences in the Southern blot assay. The remaining 14 lesions were positive for both the A probe and the B probe (HPV types 16 and 18 and related types). The strongest signal in these 14 lesions by the hybrid capture assay was consistent with the result of the Southern blot assay in all but one case. We conclude that (i) HPV type 6a is the most common type found in these lesions, (ii) HPV type 16 may be present more often in exophytic condylomata acuminata from immunosuppressed individuals, (iii) hybrid capture is a useful tool for documenting the presence of HPV sequences in DNAs from exophytic condylomata acuminata, and (iv) in samples containing multiple HPV types, hybrid capture allows detection of minority HPV types.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)