Anatomic comparison of traditional and enucleation partial nephrectomy specimens

Adam C. Calaway, Dibson D. Gondim, Chandra K. Flack, Joseph M. Jacob, Muhammad Idrees, Ronald S. Boris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare pseudocapsule (PC) properties of clear cell renal cell carcinoma tumors removed via both traditional partial nephrectomy (PNx) and enucleative techniques as well as quantify the difference in volume of normal renal parenchyma removed between groups. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of clear cell PNx specimens between 2011 and 2014 was performed. All patients undergoing tumor enucleation (TE) were included. A single pathologist reviewed the pathological specimens. This cohort was compared with a previously collected clear cell traditional PNx database. Results: A total of 47 clear cell partial nephrectomies were reviewed (34 PNx and 13 TE). Invasion of tumor completely through the PC and positive surgical margins were seen in 2 (5.8%) and 1 (7.7%) of traditional and TE specimens, respectively (P = 0.82). PC mean (0.63 vs. 0.52. mm), maximum (1.39 vs. 1.65. mm), and minimum thickness (0.27 vs. 0.19. mm) were similar between cohorts (P = 0.29, P = 0.36, and P = 0.44).Gross specimen volume varied considerably between the 2 groups (35.6 vs. 17.9cm3, P≤0.05) although tumor volume did not (12 vs. 14.2cm3, P = 0.64). The renal tumor consisted of only 37% of the total volume of the traditional PNx specimens compared to 80% of the volume in TEs (P<0.01). Four TE specimens (31%) were "true" TEs (no additional parenchyma identified outside of the PC). Conclusions: PC properties appear independent of surgical technique. True TEs are uncommon. Regardless, there is considerable volume discrepancy of normal renal parenchymal removed between enucleative and nonenucleative PNx groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 17 2016

Keywords

  • Clear cell renal cell carcinoma
  • Traditional partial nephrectomy
  • Tumor enucleation
  • Tumor pseudocapsule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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