Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: A review with surgical implications

Martin M. Mortazavi, R. Shane Tubbs, Sheryl Riech, Ketan Verma, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Anna Zurada, Brion Benninger, Marios Loukas, Aaron A. Cohen Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emissary veins connect the extracranial venous system with the intracranial venous sinuses. These include, but are not limited to, the posterior condyloid, mastoid, occipital, and parietal emissary veins. A review of the literature for the anatomy, embryology, pathology, and surgery of the intracranial emissary veins was performed. Detailed descriptions of these venous structures are lacking in the literature, and, to the authors', knowledge, this is the first detailed review to discuss the anatomy, pathology, anomalies, and clinical effects of the cranial emissary veins. Our hope is that such data will be useful to the neurosurgeon during surgery in the vicinity of the emissary veins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1312-1318
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Cranial
  • Neurosurgery
  • Venous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Mortazavi, M. M., Shane Tubbs, R., Riech, S., Verma, K., Shoja, M. M., Zurada, A., Benninger, B., Loukas, M., & Cohen Gadol, A. A. (2012). Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: A review with surgical implications. Neurosurgery, 70(5), 1312-1318. https://doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0b013e31824388f8