Anionic lipids activate group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 via distinct and separate mechanisms

Preeti Subramanian, Mohsin Vora, Luciana B. Gentile, Robert Stahelin, Charles E. Chalfant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously, ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) and phosphatidylinositol-4,5- bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] were demonstrated to be potent and specific activators of group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA 2α). In this study, we hypothesized that these anionic lipids functionally activated the enzyme by distinctly different mechanisms. Indeed, surface plasmon resonance and surface dilution kinetics demonstrated that C1P was a more potent effector than PI(4,5)P2 in decreasing the dissociation constant of the cPLA2α-phosphatidylcholine (PC) interaction and increasing the residence time of the enzyme on the vesicles/micelles. PI(4,5)P2, in contrast to C1P, decreased the Michaelis-Menten constant, increasing the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. Furthermore, PI(4,5)P2 activated cPLA2α with a stoichiometry of 1:1 versus C1P at 2.4:1. Lastly, PI(4,5)P2, but not C1P, increased the penetration ability of cPLA2α into PC-rich membranes. Therefore, this study demonstrates two distinct mechanisms for the activation of cPLA2α by anionic lipids. First, C1P activates cPLA2α by increasing the residence time of the enzyme on membranes. Second, PI(4,5)P2 activates the enzyme by increasing catalytic efficiency through increased membrane penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2701-2708
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

Group IV Phospholipases A2
Cytosolic Phospholipases A2
Lipids
Enzymes
Membranes
Phosphatidylcholines
Surface Plasmon Resonance
Surface plasmon resonance
Micelles
Phosphatidylinositols
Stoichiometry
Dilution
ceramide 1-phosphate
Chemical activation
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Ceramide kinase
  • Ceramide-1-phosphate
  • Eicosanoids
  • Inflammation
  • Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate
  • Prostaglandins
  • Surface dilution kinetics
  • Surface plasmon resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Anionic lipids activate group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 via distinct and separate mechanisms. / Subramanian, Preeti; Vora, Mohsin; Gentile, Luciana B.; Stahelin, Robert; Chalfant, Charles E.

In: Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 48, No. 12, 12.2007, p. 2701-2708.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Subramanian, Preeti ; Vora, Mohsin ; Gentile, Luciana B. ; Stahelin, Robert ; Chalfant, Charles E. / Anionic lipids activate group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 via distinct and separate mechanisms. In: Journal of Lipid Research. 2007 ; Vol. 48, No. 12. pp. 2701-2708.
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abstract = "Previously, ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) and phosphatidylinositol-4,5- bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] were demonstrated to be potent and specific activators of group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA 2α). In this study, we hypothesized that these anionic lipids functionally activated the enzyme by distinctly different mechanisms. Indeed, surface plasmon resonance and surface dilution kinetics demonstrated that C1P was a more potent effector than PI(4,5)P2 in decreasing the dissociation constant of the cPLA2α-phosphatidylcholine (PC) interaction and increasing the residence time of the enzyme on the vesicles/micelles. PI(4,5)P2, in contrast to C1P, decreased the Michaelis-Menten constant, increasing the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. Furthermore, PI(4,5)P2 activated cPLA2α with a stoichiometry of 1:1 versus C1P at 2.4:1. Lastly, PI(4,5)P2, but not C1P, increased the penetration ability of cPLA2α into PC-rich membranes. Therefore, this study demonstrates two distinct mechanisms for the activation of cPLA2α by anionic lipids. First, C1P activates cPLA2α by increasing the residence time of the enzyme on membranes. Second, PI(4,5)P2 activates the enzyme by increasing catalytic efficiency through increased membrane penetration.",
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