Annexin 7-immunoreactive microglia in the hippocampus of control and adrenalectomized rats

Margaret M. Moga, Dominique Dempah, Dan Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Annexin 7 (ANX7), also termed synexin, is a member of the annexin family of calcium-binding proteins. In the present study, we examined the distribution and cellular localization of ANX7-immunoreactivity in the rat hippocampus and its response to adrenalectomy (ADX). ANX7 was co-localized with OX42 in microglia distributed throughout the hippocampus of both control and ADX animals. ANX7-immunoreactivity was not detected in GFAP-positive astrocytes or in hippocampal neurons. At 1-week and 4-weeks following ADX, we observed a population of large, ameboid, ANX7-immunopositive microglia ("reactive microglia") which were largely confined to the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus throughout its rostrocaudal extent. No reactive microglia were present in the hippocampus of sham-ADX or ADX + corticosterone treated animals. In 4-weeks ADX animals but not 1-week ADX, ANX7-immunostaining was significantly increased in the mossy fiber layer of CA3, due to the presence of many small, dark-staining "activated microglia". Our results show that ANX7 is abundantly expressed in the rat hippocampus by different microglial forms (e.g., ramified, activated and reactive microglia), suggesting an important role for this calcium-binding protein in microglial Ca2+-dependent processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume380
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2005

Keywords

  • Adrenalectomy
  • Calcium-binding protein
  • Dentate gyrus
  • Synexin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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