Antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis therapy

Marcia McDonnell, Joan Turner, Michael T. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This correlational study identified antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy in a convenience sample of 62 English-speaking adults. From a demographic perspective, the study sample was similar to the referent population of TB patients in Georgia. A variety of parametric analyses revealed the following: The mean self-reported adherence score was 92.6% (SD = 3.3). Higher levels of self-reported adherence were associated with an annual income of $11,000 or more, education beyond high school, no current alcohol use, perceived support and absence of barriers to medication taking, strong intentions to adhere, and a high capacity for self-care. Those six variables accounted for 28% of adherence variance, F(6, 44) of 4.3, p = 0.0017. Additionally, belief in the usefulness and benefit of the medications was strongly correlated with intentions to adhere (r = 0.83, p <0.001), and interpersonal aspects of care was significantly correlated with perceptions of medication utility (r = 0.65, p <0.001), supports/barriers (r = 0.44, p <0.001), intentions (r = 0.69, p <0.001), and self-care (r = -0.42, p <0.01). Persons who were diagnosed with both TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported significantly lower adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-400
Number of pages9
JournalPublic health nursing (Boston, Mass.)
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Self Care
Therapeutics
Alcohols
Demography
HIV
Education
Population

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Self-care agency
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis therapy. / McDonnell, Marcia; Turner, Joan; Weaver, Michael T.

In: Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.), Vol. 18, No. 6, 11.2001, p. 392-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McDonnell, Marcia ; Turner, Joan ; Weaver, Michael T. / Antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis therapy. In: Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.). 2001 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 392-400.
@article{6fb2ffbce80d45cca7997e5a4d43f4b2,
title = "Antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis therapy",
abstract = "This correlational study identified antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy in a convenience sample of 62 English-speaking adults. From a demographic perspective, the study sample was similar to the referent population of TB patients in Georgia. A variety of parametric analyses revealed the following: The mean self-reported adherence score was 92.6{\%} (SD = 3.3). Higher levels of self-reported adherence were associated with an annual income of $11,000 or more, education beyond high school, no current alcohol use, perceived support and absence of barriers to medication taking, strong intentions to adhere, and a high capacity for self-care. Those six variables accounted for 28{\%} of adherence variance, F(6, 44) of 4.3, p = 0.0017. Additionally, belief in the usefulness and benefit of the medications was strongly correlated with intentions to adhere (r = 0.83, p <0.001), and interpersonal aspects of care was significantly correlated with perceptions of medication utility (r = 0.65, p <0.001), supports/barriers (r = 0.44, p <0.001), intentions (r = 0.69, p <0.001), and self-care (r = -0.42, p <0.01). Persons who were diagnosed with both TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported significantly lower adherence.",
keywords = "Adherence, Self-care agency, Tuberculosis",
author = "Marcia McDonnell and Joan Turner and Weaver, {Michael T.}",
year = "2001",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1046/j.1525-1446.2001.00392.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "392--400",
journal = "Public Health Nursing",
issn = "0737-1209",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis therapy

AU - McDonnell, Marcia

AU - Turner, Joan

AU - Weaver, Michael T.

PY - 2001/11

Y1 - 2001/11

N2 - This correlational study identified antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy in a convenience sample of 62 English-speaking adults. From a demographic perspective, the study sample was similar to the referent population of TB patients in Georgia. A variety of parametric analyses revealed the following: The mean self-reported adherence score was 92.6% (SD = 3.3). Higher levels of self-reported adherence were associated with an annual income of $11,000 or more, education beyond high school, no current alcohol use, perceived support and absence of barriers to medication taking, strong intentions to adhere, and a high capacity for self-care. Those six variables accounted for 28% of adherence variance, F(6, 44) of 4.3, p = 0.0017. Additionally, belief in the usefulness and benefit of the medications was strongly correlated with intentions to adhere (r = 0.83, p <0.001), and interpersonal aspects of care was significantly correlated with perceptions of medication utility (r = 0.65, p <0.001), supports/barriers (r = 0.44, p <0.001), intentions (r = 0.69, p <0.001), and self-care (r = -0.42, p <0.01). Persons who were diagnosed with both TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported significantly lower adherence.

AB - This correlational study identified antecedents of adherence to antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy in a convenience sample of 62 English-speaking adults. From a demographic perspective, the study sample was similar to the referent population of TB patients in Georgia. A variety of parametric analyses revealed the following: The mean self-reported adherence score was 92.6% (SD = 3.3). Higher levels of self-reported adherence were associated with an annual income of $11,000 or more, education beyond high school, no current alcohol use, perceived support and absence of barriers to medication taking, strong intentions to adhere, and a high capacity for self-care. Those six variables accounted for 28% of adherence variance, F(6, 44) of 4.3, p = 0.0017. Additionally, belief in the usefulness and benefit of the medications was strongly correlated with intentions to adhere (r = 0.83, p <0.001), and interpersonal aspects of care was significantly correlated with perceptions of medication utility (r = 0.65, p <0.001), supports/barriers (r = 0.44, p <0.001), intentions (r = 0.69, p <0.001), and self-care (r = -0.42, p <0.01). Persons who were diagnosed with both TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported significantly lower adherence.

KW - Adherence

KW - Self-care agency

KW - Tuberculosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035513164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035513164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1525-1446.2001.00392.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1525-1446.2001.00392.x

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 392

EP - 400

JO - Public Health Nursing

JF - Public Health Nursing

SN - 0737-1209

IS - 6

ER -