Anthropometric, lifestyle and metabolic determinants of resting heart rate. A population study

Jianjun Zhang , H. Kesteloot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. To clarify the determinants of resting heart rate at the population level in a random sample of the Belgian population. Methods and Results. Data of 5027 men and 4150 women aged 25-74 years obtained from a Belgian nationwide survey were analysed. In multivariate analysis, blood pressure strongly correlated with heart rate in men (t = 12.4 for systolic; t = 8.8 for diastolic) and women (t = 12.0 for systolic; t = 7.7 for diastolic). Age (t = -3.4 in men; t = -8.1 in women) and height (t = -3.7 in men; t = -3.1 in women) correlated negatively with heart rate. Smoking raised heart rate in men (1-19 cigarettes.day-1, t = 6.1; ≥ 20 cigarettes.day-1, t = 10.3) and women (≥ 20 cigarettes.day--1, t = 3.5). Serum phosphorus correlated negatively with heart rate (t = -3.5 in men; t = -8.3 in women). Serum log alkaline phosphatase (t = 6.7 in men; t = 7.2 in women) and serum protein (t = 5.3 in men; t = 4.4 in women) correlated positively with heart rate. Conclusion. At the population level, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, serum alkaline phosphatase and serum protein correlate independently, significantly and positively with heart rate, and age, height and serum phosphorus negatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Life Style
Heart Rate
Population
Tobacco Products
Serum
Phosphorus
Alkaline Phosphatase
Blood Proteins
Smoking
Blood Pressure
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Heart rate
  • Serum alkaline phosphatase
  • Serum phosphorus
  • Serum protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Anthropometric, lifestyle and metabolic determinants of resting heart rate. A population study. / Zhang , Jianjun; Kesteloot, H.

In: European Heart Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.01.1999, p. 103-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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