Anthropometric, lifestyle and metabolic determinants of resting heart rate. A population study

J. Zhang, H. Kesteloot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Aim. To clarify the determinants of resting heart rate at the population level in a random sample of the Belgian population. Methods and Results. Data of 5027 men and 4150 women aged 25-74 years obtained from a Belgian nationwide survey were analysed. In multivariate analysis, blood pressure strongly correlated with heart rate in men (t = 12.4 for systolic; t = 8.8 for diastolic) and women (t = 12.0 for systolic; t = 7.7 for diastolic). Age (t = -3.4 in men; t = -8.1 in women) and height (t = -3.7 in men; t = -3.1 in women) correlated negatively with heart rate. Smoking raised heart rate in men (1-19, t = 6.1; ≥ 20, t = 10.3) and women (≥ 20, t = 3.5). Serum phosphorus correlated negatively with heart rate (t = -3.5 in men; t = -8.3 in women). Serum log alkaline phosphatase (t = 6.7 in men; t = 7.2 in women) and serum protein (t = 5.3 in men; t = 4.4 in women) correlated positively with heart rate. Conclusion. At the population level, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, serum alkaline phosphatase and serum protein correlate independently, significantly and positively with heart rate, and age, height and serum phosphorus negatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1999


  • Blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Heart rate
  • Serum alkaline phosphatase
  • Serum phosphorus
  • Serum protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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