The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on mechanical properties and antimicrobial activity of the addition of chlorhexidine (CHX) to a resin modified glass-ionomer (Photac-fil, ESPE, Norristown, PA, USA). Chlorhexidine diacetate was combined with a resin modified glass-ionomer material at a concentration of 5%. The samples were tested for hardness, tensile strength and erosion at 24 h and 6-week intervals and for elution of CHX and antimicrobial activity weekly for 6 weeks. At 24 h there was no significant difference in hardness between the two groups, but at 6 weeks the resin modified glass-ionomer group was significantly harder than the CHX groups (P < 0.05). The diametral tensile strength test indicated no difference between the control and CHX groups at 24 h or at 6 weeks. The jet erosion test demonstrated significantly less erosion with the CHX group at 24 h but at 6 weeks the CHX group showed significantly more erosion than the control group. The chemical assay data demonstrated a peak elution of CHX at week 1 with residual amounts at weeks 2 and 3. The microbial data demonstrated that the CHX group had a significant reduction in Streptococcus mutans numbers for weeks 1-3, but after week 4 there was no difference between the glass-ionomer with and without CHX. The addition of CHX to resin modified glass-ionomer altered hardness and erosion of the resin-modified glass-ionomer, but because there are no material specifications, it is difficult to determine clinical implications. Chlorhexidine did significantly improve the antimicrobial effect of the glass-ionomer which was consistent with the chemical assay data. The results indicated that the addition of CHX to resin modified glass-ionomer material (Photac-fil) did not seriously degrade the physical properties during the time period tested and that the addition of CHX resulted in a greater reduction in S. mutans when compared with glass-ionomer alone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas