Nosocomial respiratory infections are the most common acquired infections in patients with severe underlying conditions and are responsible for high morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens are associated with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This article describes the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of HAP and VAP associated with antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens.
- Health care-associated infections
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia
- Multidrug resistant pathogens
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical