Antigenically distinct subpopulations of myeloid progenitor cells (CFU-GM) in human peripheral blood and marrow.

D. Ferrero, H. E. Broxmeyer, G. L. Pagliardi, S. Venuta, B. Lange, S. Pessano, G. Rovera

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Two types of progenitor cells of the human granulocytic and monocytic lineages (CFU-GM) can be distinguished by using mouse monoclonal antibodies against human hemopoietic cells. Type 1 CFU-GM contribute all of the peripheral blood CFU-GM as well as a small fraction of bone marrow CFU-GM and express surface antigens recognized by "anti-lymphomonocytic" monoclonal antibodies S3-13 and S17-25 but not the antigens recognized by R1B19 and WGHS-29-1 (two monoclonal antibodies that react with all the cells of the granulocytic lineage). Type 2 CFU-GM are present only in the marrow and react with S3-13, R1B19, and WGHS-29-1. Partial reactivity with S17-25 was observed only in the complement-dependent cytotoxicity test. In vitro culture of type 1 CFU-GM in liquid medium in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulatory factor (GM-CSF) generates colony-forming cells that have the surface phenotype of type 2 CFU-GM. This finding supports the idea of two different stages of maturation of myelomonocytic progenitor cells represented by type 1 and type 2 CFU-GM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4114-4118
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1983

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