Apomorphine and 7-OH DPAT reduce ethanol intake of P and HAD rats

R. N. Russell, W. J. McBride, L. Lumeng, T. K. Li, J. M. Murphy

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36 Scopus citations


Adult male rats of the alcohol-preferring (P) line (N = 10) and high alcohol drinking (HAD) line (N = 12) were used to study the effects of IP administration of 0.125-0.50 mg/kg 7-OH DPAT (a putative D3 agonist) and 0.25-1.0 mg/kg apomorphine (a dopamine agonist with 50-fold higher affinities for the D1 and D2 receptors than for the D3 receptor) on the concurrent intakes of 10% (v/v) ethanol and 0.0125% (g/v) saccharin during a daily 4-h scheduled access period. Control intakes by the P rats for the 4-h period were 17.9 ± 0.5 and 7.2 ± 0.4 ml for the ethanol and saccharin solutions, respectively. For the HAD line, ethanol consumption was 18.7 ± 0.2 ml find saccharin intake was 8.7 ± 1.6 ml for the 4-h period. In terms of grams ethanol/kg body wt., the 4-h intakes were 2.2 ± 0.2 for the P line and 3.0 ± 0.3 for the HAD rats. Both P and HAD rats consumed approximately 40% of their total ethanol intake in the first 15 min of access while consuming only about 15% of their total saccharin intake during this 15-min period. The putative D3 agonist 7-OH DPAT produced a decrease in ethanol intake in the first h to 45-55% of control levels for the P rat (p < 0.01) and to 25-70% of control values in the HAD line (p < 0.001). Apomorphine caused a dose- dependent decrease in ethanol intake in the first hour to 15-70% of control values in the P rat (p < 0.001) and to 25-60% of control levels in the HAD line (p < 0.001). Saccharin and 4-h food intakes for both lines were not altered by either 7-OH DPAT or apomorphine. Overall, these results suggest that D2 and D3 dopamine receptors may play a role in mediating alcohol drinking behavior of the selectively bred HAD and P lines of rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-519
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996


  • 7-OH DPAT
  • Alcohol preference
  • Apomorphine
  • Dopamine D receptor
  • Dopamine D receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

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    Russell, R. N., McBride, W. J., Lumeng, L., Li, T. K., & Murphy, J. M. (1996). Apomorphine and 7-OH DPAT reduce ethanol intake of P and HAD rats. Alcohol, 13(5), 515-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/0741-8329(95)00062-3