OBJECTIVE: Proteins are the primary components of cells and are vital constituents of any living organism. The proteins that make up an organism (proteome) are constantly changing and are intricately linked to neurological disease processes. The study of proteins, or proteomics, is a relatively new but rapidly expanding field with increasing relevance to neurosurgery. METHODS: We present a review of the state-of-the-art proteomic technology and its applications in central nervous system diseases. RESULTS: The technique of "selective microdissection" allows an investigator to selectively isolate and study a pathological tissue of interest. By evaluating protein expression in a variety of central nervous system disorders, it is clear that proteins are differentially expressed across disease states, and protein expression changes markedly during disease progression. CONCLUSION: Understanding the patterns of protein expression in the nervous system has critical implications for the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disease. As gatekeepers in the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of central nervous system diseases, it is important for neurosurgeons to develop an appreciation for proteomic techniques and their utility.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jan 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology