Application of expression genomics in drug development and genomic medicine

Khew Voon Chin, Zachariah E. Selvanayagam, Ragini Vittal, Tsunekazu Kita, Kazuya Kudoh, Chung S. Yang, Yick Fu Wong, Tak Hong Cheung, Winnie Yeo, Tony Kwok Hung Chung, Yong Lin, Jason Liao, Joe Weichung Shih, Sook Fan Yap, Albert W. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Expressed sequence tags and genome sequencing have virtually uncovered all the genes and transcripts in the human genome. Functional genomic analysis of these genes will undoubtedly reveal their physiological roles in cells in the near future. Coupled with the advent of DNA microarray, cellular response to perturbation can now be examined at genome-wide levels in a single analysis, yielding clues to the network of pathways and interacting pathways that underlie a comprehensive systems response to exposure to small molecule perturbants. This post-genomic information will be the foundation for knowledge-based in silico systems biology. It is envisioned that querying such relational databases will generate testable hypotheses as well as revealing information on networks of regulatory genes and pathways that could further fuel and shape molecular and drug target discovery, and ushering in a new era in genomic medicine. In this review, we will first discuss examples of laboratory results generated from high-throughput microarray analyses that illuminated previously unrecognized networks of regulatory genes and pathways that point to the mechanisms of action for the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate, and the green tea polyphenol, epi-gallocatechin gallate. We will then focus on the application of gene expression profiles in genomic medicine for predicting treatment response in cancer, using clinical specimens obtained from patients. These studies and others point to an increasing trend in modern biology in which high-throughput genome scale comprehensive biological information is incorporated into databases for constructing and reconstructing pathways and networks of interacting pathways that constitute a physiological response to environmental perturbation at the organism or systems levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-133
Number of pages10
JournalDrug Development Research
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Keywords

  • Genomic medicine
  • Microarray
  • Personalized
  • Predictive
  • Systems biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery

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  • Cite this

    Chin, K. V., Selvanayagam, Z. E., Vittal, R., Kita, T., Kudoh, K., Yang, C. S., Wong, Y. F., Cheung, T. H., Yeo, W., Chung, T. K. H., Lin, Y., Liao, J., Shih, J. W., Yap, S. F., & Lin, A. W. (2004). Application of expression genomics in drug development and genomic medicine. Drug Development Research, 62(2), 124-133. https://doi.org/10.1002/ddr.10375