Arsenite stabilizes IκBα and prevents NF-κB activation in IL-1 β-stimulated Caco-2 cells independent of the heat shock response

Dan D. Hershko, Bruce W. Robb, Eric S. Hungness, Guangju Luo, Per Olof Hasselgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that sodium arsenite downregulates NF-κB activity by inhibiting phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IκBα. Many effects of sodium arsenite are secondary to induction of heat shock proteins. The role of the heat shock response in arsenite-induced inhibition of NF-κB, however, is not known. We examined the involvement of the heat shock response in arsenite-induced inhibition of NF-κB activity in IL-1 β-stimulated Caco-2 cells, a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line with enterocytic properties. Treatment of the cells with IL-1 B resulted in increased IκB kinase activity, reduced levels of IκBαand increased NF-κB DNA binding activity. Sodium arsenite blocked all of these responses to IL-1 β without inducing changes in heat shock factor activity or heat shock protein levels. Results from additional experiments showed that the protective effect of sodium arsenite on IκBα was not influenced by the oxygen radical scavenger catalase or by inhibitors of the MAP-kinase signaling pathway. The present results suggest that sodium arsenite stabilizes IκBαand prevents NF-κB activation in IL-1 β-stimulated Caco-2 cells independent of the heat shock response. In addition, stabilization of IκBα by sodium arsenite does not require oxygen radical formation or activation of the MAP kinase signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-698
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • Intestine
  • Stress response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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