Assessing health related benefit after reconstruction for urinary and fecal incontinence in children: A parental perspective

Andrew C. Strine, Rosalia Misseri, Konrad M. Szymanski, Martin Kaefer, Audrey C. Rhee, Kate Hillier, Richard C. Rink, Mark P. Cain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose We sought to evaluate health related benefit in children undergoing surgical reconstruction for urinary and fecal incontinence from a parental perspective. Materials and Methods A health related benefit instrument was mailed to the parents or guardians of 300 consecutive patients who had undergone reconstruction for urinary and/or fecal incontinence at our institution between 1997 and 2011. We assessed parent reported health related benefit using the validated Glasgow Children's Benefit Inventory and satisfaction with 6 supplemental questions. One-sample t-tests as well as exploratory univariate and multivariate linear regressions were performed for statistical analysis. Results Response rate was 40.0% at a mean of 5.5 years (range 0.6 to 13.8) after reconstruction. Spina bifida was the most common primary diagnosis (48 patients, 56.5%). Mean total Glasgow Children's Benefit Inventory score and subscores for each domain were positive, indicating an improved health related benefit after reconstruction (all p <0.0001). Certain patients, possibly based on diagnosis and gender, may particularly benefit from reconstruction (p ≤0.04). Parents believed that the bladder augmentation and/or urinary continent catheterizable channel most changed the life of their child but that achievement of stool continence was most important to themselves. Only 17 families (16.2%) required more than 1 month to become comfortable with catheterizations, and 69 patients (68.8%) required less care or no assistance with daily activities after reconstruction. Only 2 parents (1.9%) would be unwilling to consent to the procedure again. Conclusions We observed moderate parental satisfaction and parent reported improvement in health related quality of life for children undergoing surgical reconstruction for urinary and fecal incontinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2073-2078
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume193
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • child
  • fecal incontinence
  • quality of life
  • spinal dysraphism
  • urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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