Assessing knowledge and perceptions related to preventive methods and treatment of malaria in the local endemic area of Trujillo, Honduras

Joanna Campodonico, Javier Sevilla-Martir, Gustavo Arrizabalaga, Komal Kochhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Malaria in Honduras is endemic and accounts for 40% of the total cases in Central America. Our goal was to assess knowledge of preventive methods and current treatment of malaria among the affected community of Trujillo, Honduras. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 71 individuals. Most respondents had a good understanding about common malaria symptoms but not about the complications associated with severe cases. More important, we found that less than 20% of the respondents recognized indoor residual sprays and insecticide-treated nets as effective preventive measures, which are the most efficient preventive methods. Our study highlights the perceptions the people of Trujillo have about malaria. From our observations, we put forward recommendations to implement a comprehensive campaign to educate the Trujillo population about malaria preventive methods and to recruit local and international efforts to distribute insecticide-treated nets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalHispanic Health Care International
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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Honduras
Malaria
Insecticides
Central America
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

Keywords

  • Bed nets
  • Indoor residual sprays
  • Malaria
  • Malaria preventive methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Malaria in Honduras is endemic and accounts for 40{\%} of the total cases in Central America. Our goal was to assess knowledge of preventive methods and current treatment of malaria among the affected community of Trujillo, Honduras. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 71 individuals. Most respondents had a good understanding about common malaria symptoms but not about the complications associated with severe cases. More important, we found that less than 20{\%} of the respondents recognized indoor residual sprays and insecticide-treated nets as effective preventive measures, which are the most efficient preventive methods. Our study highlights the perceptions the people of Trujillo have about malaria. From our observations, we put forward recommendations to implement a comprehensive campaign to educate the Trujillo population about malaria preventive methods and to recruit local and international efforts to distribute insecticide-treated nets.",
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