Assessment of breastfeeding practices and reasons for success in a military community hospital

David M. Haas, Carolyn S. Howard, Marlene Christopher, Katherine Rowan, Mary C. Broga, Tani Corey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


The authors' objectives were (1) to assess factors associated with breastfeeding rates in the early postpartum period and (2) to assess factors contributing to successful breastfeeding among an active-duty and military-dependent population. In September 2002, a baseline breastfeeding survey was administered to women presenting for infant or postpartum care in a military health care facility. A lactation service was then established, and between May and September 2004, a cross-sectional survey was subsequently conducted. Surveys assessed demographics, breastfeeding history and practices, and perceived reasons for success and discontinuation. A total of 934 surveys were collected. Ninety-two percent of women initiated breastfeeding. Eighty-five percent were breastfeeding at 1 week. The rate was 67.0% at 6 weeks and 61.7% at 6 months. Prior breastfeeding experience predicted continued breast-feeding at 6 weeks (OR 2.04); higher education level predicted breastfeeding at 6 months (OR 2.55). Breastfeeding rates increased after the establishment of a lactation service.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-445
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Breastfeeding rate
  • Lactation consultant
  • Prediction of breastfeeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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