Assessment of medical care costs of injuries due to alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes

Terrell W. Zollinger, Frank J. Vilardo, Paul W. Chan, David Z. McSwane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the total medical care costs of individuals injured in motor vehicle crashes and in crashes where alcohol was involved. Crashes were studied that involved 2,728 vehicle occupants and 191 pedestrians with injuries as reported in 1979 by the National Accident Sampling System, a probability sample of all motor vehicle crashes occurring in the united States. Medical care costs were assigned by using Abbreviated Injury Scale codes in accordance with other published research. Determination of alcohol involvement was based on crash characteristics. Results indicate that 20.2 % of medical care costs for motor vehicle crash injuries may be due to crashes where alcohol was involved. It was estimated that alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes cost between $434 million and $483 million in medical care alone in the United States in 1979.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)77-84
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Safety Research
    Volume15
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

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    Motor Vehicles
    Health care
    Health Care Costs
    medical care
    motor vehicle
    Alcohols
    alcohol
    Wounds and Injuries
    costs
    Costs
    Abbreviated Injury Scale
    Sampling Studies
    pedestrian
    Accidents
    accident
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    Sampling
    Research

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

    Cite this

    Assessment of medical care costs of injuries due to alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. / Zollinger, Terrell W.; Vilardo, Frank J.; Chan, Paul W.; McSwane, David Z.

    In: Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.01.1984, p. 77-84.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Zollinger, Terrell W. ; Vilardo, Frank J. ; Chan, Paul W. ; McSwane, David Z. / Assessment of medical care costs of injuries due to alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. In: Journal of Safety Research. 1984 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 77-84.
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