Assessment of rational drug use and prescribing in primary health care facilities in north west Ethiopia

Zeruesenay Desta, T. Abula, L. Beyene, M. Fantahun, A. G. Yohannes, S. Ayalew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study on rational drug use was undertaken in nine health centres (HCs)and nine health stations (HSs) in Ethiopia. Prescribing, patient care and facility specific factors were measured using drug use indicators. Prescribing patterns of drugs were also assessed. With only few exceptions, the drug use indicators in HCs and HSs and between retrospective and prospective studies were similar despite differences in manpower and facilities. The average consultation time (in minutes) in HSs and HCs was 5.1 ± 0.8 and 5.8 ± 1.06, respectively. The dispensing time (in minutes) was 1.5 ± 0.7 in HSs and 1.9 ± 0.6 in HCs. Both patient care indicators seem to be adequate to influence patient satisfaction to the overall health service and patient knowledge of important dosage instructions. Most drugs (more than 89% in HCs and 71% in HSs) were actually dispensed from the health facilities and labelling was satisfactory. Prescribing by generic names (average: 75% in HCs and 83% in HSs) was encouraging. While the availability of key drugs was ensured, essential documents were missing in most facilities or they were unpopular for use, and those available required revision and updating. Polypharmacy in which the number of drugs/encounter was

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-763
Number of pages6
JournalEast African Medical Journal
Volume74
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Drug Prescriptions
Ethiopia
Health Facilities
Health care
Primary Health Care
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Patient Care
Polypharmacy
Patient Satisfaction
Health Services
Names
Labeling
Referral and Consultation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Desta, Z., Abula, T., Beyene, L., Fantahun, M., Yohannes, A. G., & Ayalew, S. (1997). Assessment of rational drug use and prescribing in primary health care facilities in north west Ethiopia. East African Medical Journal, 74(12), 758-763.

Assessment of rational drug use and prescribing in primary health care facilities in north west Ethiopia. / Desta, Zeruesenay; Abula, T.; Beyene, L.; Fantahun, M.; Yohannes, A. G.; Ayalew, S.

In: East African Medical Journal, Vol. 74, No. 12, 1997, p. 758-763.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Desta, Z, Abula, T, Beyene, L, Fantahun, M, Yohannes, AG & Ayalew, S 1997, 'Assessment of rational drug use and prescribing in primary health care facilities in north west Ethiopia', East African Medical Journal, vol. 74, no. 12, pp. 758-763.
Desta, Zeruesenay ; Abula, T. ; Beyene, L. ; Fantahun, M. ; Yohannes, A. G. ; Ayalew, S. / Assessment of rational drug use and prescribing in primary health care facilities in north west Ethiopia. In: East African Medical Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 74, No. 12. pp. 758-763.
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