The effects of 100 uM norepinephrine (NE), GABA, aspartate, glutamate, and carbachol on the release of endogenous NE, GABA, aspartate, and glutamate from slices of rat cerebellum were examined. The 35 mM K+-stimulated release of NE was potentiated by GABA (136% of control), glutamate (123%), and carbachol (123%); aspartate had no effect. Glutamate increased the release of GABA to 250% of control levels, while neither NE nor carbachol exerted any effect. Glutamate and GABA increased aspartate release to 260% and 300% of control values, respectively. NE decreased the release of aspartate to 86% of control levels while carbachol had no effect. The stimulated release of glutamate was increased by GABA (166% of control) but was unaffected by NE and carbachol. All of these effects were observed only under depolarizing conditions and in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. These data suggest (a) a cholinergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic control of the noradrenergic system in the cerebellum; (b) the presence of a specific aspartergic system in the cerebellum; and (c) a net excitatory action of GABA may be present within the cerebellum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)