Associate Program Directors in Surgery

A Select Group of Surgical Educators

Farin Amersi, Jennifer Choi, Afshin Molkara, Danny Takanishi, Karen Deveney, Areti Tillou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD). The Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Associate Program Directors Committee sent a survey to all APDs to better understand the role of the APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Design: A survey was sent to all 235 general surgery residency programs through the Association of Program Directors in Surgery list serve. The survey collected information on APD demographics, characteristics, and program information, qualifications of the APD, time commitment and compensation, administrative duties, and projected career track. Setting: General surgery residency programs within the United States. Participants: 108 Associate Program Directors in general surgery. Results: A total of 108 (46%) APDs responded to the survey. Seventy-three (70.2%) of the APD's were males. Most (77.8%) were in practice for more than 5 years, and 69% were at a university-based program. Most of the respondents felt that the administrative and curricular tasks were appropriately distributed between the APD and PD and many shared tasks with the PD. A total of 44.6% were on the path to become a future PD at their institution. An equal number of APDs (42.6%) were compensated above their base salary for being an APD vs no compensation at all; however, 16 (14.8%) had a reduced clinical load as part of their compensation for being an APD. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the characteristics of APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Our data demonstrate that APDs have a substantial role in the function of a residency program and they need to be developed to better define their position in the program leadership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

pamidronate
surgery
director
educator
Internship and Residency
Group
Education
Graduate Medical Education
Accreditation
Salaries and Fringe Benefits

Keywords

  • ACGME requirements
  • Administrative duties
  • Associate Program Directors
  • General surgery residency
  • Surgical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

Associate Program Directors in Surgery : A Select Group of Surgical Educators. / Amersi, Farin; Choi, Jennifer; Molkara, Afshin; Takanishi, Danny; Deveney, Karen; Tillou, Areti.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amersi, Farin ; Choi, Jennifer ; Molkara, Afshin ; Takanishi, Danny ; Deveney, Karen ; Tillou, Areti. / Associate Program Directors in Surgery : A Select Group of Surgical Educators. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2017.
@article{00f4eee22df547de9e84fa5fe62b8581,
title = "Associate Program Directors in Surgery: A Select Group of Surgical Educators",
abstract = "Objective: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD). The Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Associate Program Directors Committee sent a survey to all APDs to better understand the role of the APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Design: A survey was sent to all 235 general surgery residency programs through the Association of Program Directors in Surgery list serve. The survey collected information on APD demographics, characteristics, and program information, qualifications of the APD, time commitment and compensation, administrative duties, and projected career track. Setting: General surgery residency programs within the United States. Participants: 108 Associate Program Directors in general surgery. Results: A total of 108 (46{\%}) APDs responded to the survey. Seventy-three (70.2{\%}) of the APD's were males. Most (77.8{\%}) were in practice for more than 5 years, and 69{\%} were at a university-based program. Most of the respondents felt that the administrative and curricular tasks were appropriately distributed between the APD and PD and many shared tasks with the PD. A total of 44.6{\%} were on the path to become a future PD at their institution. An equal number of APDs (42.6{\%}) were compensated above their base salary for being an APD vs no compensation at all; however, 16 (14.8{\%}) had a reduced clinical load as part of their compensation for being an APD. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the characteristics of APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Our data demonstrate that APDs have a substantial role in the function of a residency program and they need to be developed to better define their position in the program leadership.",
keywords = "ACGME requirements, Administrative duties, Associate Program Directors, General surgery residency, Surgical education",
author = "Farin Amersi and Jennifer Choi and Afshin Molkara and Danny Takanishi and Karen Deveney and Areti Tillou",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.08.014",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Education",
issn = "1931-7204",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associate Program Directors in Surgery

T2 - A Select Group of Surgical Educators

AU - Amersi, Farin

AU - Choi, Jennifer

AU - Molkara, Afshin

AU - Takanishi, Danny

AU - Deveney, Karen

AU - Tillou, Areti

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Objective: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD). The Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Associate Program Directors Committee sent a survey to all APDs to better understand the role of the APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Design: A survey was sent to all 235 general surgery residency programs through the Association of Program Directors in Surgery list serve. The survey collected information on APD demographics, characteristics, and program information, qualifications of the APD, time commitment and compensation, administrative duties, and projected career track. Setting: General surgery residency programs within the United States. Participants: 108 Associate Program Directors in general surgery. Results: A total of 108 (46%) APDs responded to the survey. Seventy-three (70.2%) of the APD's were males. Most (77.8%) were in practice for more than 5 years, and 69% were at a university-based program. Most of the respondents felt that the administrative and curricular tasks were appropriately distributed between the APD and PD and many shared tasks with the PD. A total of 44.6% were on the path to become a future PD at their institution. An equal number of APDs (42.6%) were compensated above their base salary for being an APD vs no compensation at all; however, 16 (14.8%) had a reduced clinical load as part of their compensation for being an APD. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the characteristics of APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Our data demonstrate that APDs have a substantial role in the function of a residency program and they need to be developed to better define their position in the program leadership.

AB - Objective: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD). The Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Associate Program Directors Committee sent a survey to all APDs to better understand the role of the APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Design: A survey was sent to all 235 general surgery residency programs through the Association of Program Directors in Surgery list serve. The survey collected information on APD demographics, characteristics, and program information, qualifications of the APD, time commitment and compensation, administrative duties, and projected career track. Setting: General surgery residency programs within the United States. Participants: 108 Associate Program Directors in general surgery. Results: A total of 108 (46%) APDs responded to the survey. Seventy-three (70.2%) of the APD's were males. Most (77.8%) were in practice for more than 5 years, and 69% were at a university-based program. Most of the respondents felt that the administrative and curricular tasks were appropriately distributed between the APD and PD and many shared tasks with the PD. A total of 44.6% were on the path to become a future PD at their institution. An equal number of APDs (42.6%) were compensated above their base salary for being an APD vs no compensation at all; however, 16 (14.8%) had a reduced clinical load as part of their compensation for being an APD. Conclusion: This is the first study to describe the characteristics of APDs within the hierarchy of surgical education. Our data demonstrate that APDs have a substantial role in the function of a residency program and they need to be developed to better define their position in the program leadership.

KW - ACGME requirements

KW - Administrative duties

KW - Associate Program Directors

KW - General surgery residency

KW - Surgical education

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030159071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85030159071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.08.014

DO - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.08.014

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Surgical Education

JF - Journal of Surgical Education

SN - 1931-7204

ER -