Male factor infertility affects one-sixth of couples worldwide, and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is one of the most severe forms. Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified three susceptibility loci for NOA in Han Chinese men. Here we test promising associations in an extended three-stage validation using 3,608 NOA cases and 5,909 controls to identify additional risk loci. We find strong evidence of three NOA susceptibility loci (P<5.0 × 10-8) at 6p21.32 (rs7194, P=3.76 × 10 -19), 10q25.3 (rs7099208, P=6.41 × 10 â ̂'14) and 6p12.2 (rs13206743, P=3.69 × 10 â ̂'8), as well as one locus approaching genome-wide significance at 1q42.13 (rs3000811, P=7.26 × 10-8). In addition, we investigate the phenotypic effect of the related gene (gek, orthologous to CDC42BPA) at 1q42.13 on male fertility using a Drosophila model. These results advance our understanding of the genetic susceptibility to NOA and provide insights into its pathogenic mechanism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)