Association between edentulism and angina pectoris in mexican adults aged 35 years and older: A multivariate analysis of a population-based survey

Carlo Eduardo Medina-Sols, America Patricia Pontigo-Loyola, Eduardo Perez-Campos, Pedro Hernandez-Cruz, Leticia A. Vila-Burgos, Michael Kowolik, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The possible association between oral infection and chronic inflammation and cardiovascular disease risk has been studied intensively. The present study is designed to determine the strength of association between edentulism and angina pectoris in Mexican adults aged 35 years and older. Methods: Using the tools and sampling strategies of the World Health Survey of the World Health Organization, cross-sectional data were collected in Mexico in the National Performance Assessment Survey (probabilistic, multistage, and cluster sampling). Dental information was available for 20 of the 32 states of Mexico. Angina and edentulism are self-reported in this study. Statistical analysis was performed using binary logistic regression adjusting for complex samples. Results: A total of 13,966 participants, representing a population of 29,853,607 individuals, were included. Of the complete study population, 3,052,263 (10.2%) were completely toothless, and 673,810 (2.3%) were diagnosed with angina pectoris. After adjusting for smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes, body mass index, and sex, the effect of edentulism on angina was modified by age (interaction), being more marked in the younger age group (odds ratio [OR] = exp2.5597 =12.93) than in the older individuals surveyed (OR = exp2.5597 + (-0.0334) =12.51). Additionally, low physical activity (OR = 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03 to 2.22) and higher socioeconomic status (OR = 1.37; 95% CI = 1.00 to 1.90) were more likely to be associated with angina pectoris. Conclusions: Overall, the results of this study, conducted in a representative sample of Mexican adults, suggest that an association exists between edentulism and angina pectoris. Additional studies are necessary to elucidate the underlying mechanism for this association. J Periodontol 2014;85:406-416.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-416
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Angina Pectoris
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Mexico
Population
Confidence Intervals
Health Surveys
Social Class
Alcohol Drinking
Tooth
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases
Age Groups
Logistic Models
Smoking
Exercise
Inflammation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Infection

Keywords

  • Angina pectoris
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Edentulous
  • Mouth
  • Oral health
  • Periodontal diseases
  • Tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Association between edentulism and angina pectoris in mexican adults aged 35 years and older : A multivariate analysis of a population-based survey. / Medina-Sols, Carlo Eduardo; Pontigo-Loyola, America Patricia; Perez-Campos, Eduardo; Hernandez-Cruz, Pedro; Vila-Burgos, Leticia A.; Kowolik, Michael; Maupome, Gerardo.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 85, No. 3, 2014, p. 406-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Medina-Sols, Carlo Eduardo ; Pontigo-Loyola, America Patricia ; Perez-Campos, Eduardo ; Hernandez-Cruz, Pedro ; Vila-Burgos, Leticia A. ; Kowolik, Michael ; Maupome, Gerardo. / Association between edentulism and angina pectoris in mexican adults aged 35 years and older : A multivariate analysis of a population-based survey. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2014 ; Vol. 85, No. 3. pp. 406-416.
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