We tested the hypothesis that the presence of a CYP3A5*1 allele is associated with increases in blood pressure in 2 studies of subjects with a total of 683 participants. The first study involving 271 subjects was part of a longitudinal study conducted at Indiana University Medical Center that consisted of 2 phases. The first phase studied the relationship of salt sensitivity with blood pressure, whereas the second phase, conducted ≈26 years later, studied the relationship between blood pressure, carbohydrate intolerance, and vascular compliance in the same subjects. The second study was a cross-sectional evaluation of 412 normotensive and hypertensive subjects conducted at the University of California San Diego. The second study (Mantel-Haenszel χ 2 test; P=0.05) showed that a greater proportion of black participants with poor blood pressure control had CYP3A5*1/*1 genotype. Evaluation of the untreated blood pressure from phase 1 of the first study showed that the blacks with CYP3A5*3/*3 (146±35 mm Hg) had a higher systolic blood pressure than those with the *1/*3 (119±14.1 mm Hg; P=0.0006) and *1/*1 (125±17.4 mm Hg; P=0.009) genotypes. For blacks in study 2, the CYP3A5*1 allele was more common in hypertensives (Fisher exact test; P=0.025) than normotensives. In whites there was no association between CYP3A5 genotype and blood pressure in either study. We conclude that although untreated blood pressure may be higher in blacks with the CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype, the CYP3A5*1 allele may be associated with hypertension that is more refractory to treatment in this ethnic group.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2005|
- Blood pressure
- Cytochrome p450
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine