Association of Intracranial Hypertension with Calvarial and Skull Base Thinning

Cyrus C. Rabbani, Janaki M. Patel, Amit Nag, Elizabeth Schueth, Mohamad Z. Saltagi, Richard Kao, Rick F. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Determine if patients with increased opening pressure (OP) on lumbar puncture (LP) have thinner calvaria and skull bases. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: Patients (≥18 yr of age) who had a recorded OP on LP and high-resolution computed tomography imaging of the head. Patient age, sex, body mass index were calculated. Intracranial hypertension (IH) was defined with an OP≥25 cm-H2O and low intracranial pressure with an OP<15 cm-H2O. Intervention: Measurement of calvarial, zygoma, and skull base thickness when blinded to OP with three-dimensional slicer and radiologic calipers. Main Outcome Measures: Association of calvarial, skull base, and zygoma thickness with OP and age. Results: Fifty-eight patients were included with a mean (SD) age of 53.1 (16.2) years and average (SD) body mass index of 30.1 (9.1) kg/m2. Patients with IH had thinner mean (SD) calvaria (3.01 [0.81] versus 2.70 [0.58] mm; p = 0.036) and skull bases (5.17 [1.22] versus 4.60 [1.42] mm; p = 0.043) when compared with patients without IH. The mean (SD) extracranial zygoma thickness was similar between the two groups (5.09 [0.76] versus 5.00 [0.73] mm; p = 0.56). General linear model regression demonstrated advancing age was associated with increasing calvarial thickness in patients without IH and calvarial thinning in patients with IH (p = 0.038). Conclusion: IH is independently associated with intracranial bone (calvaria and skull base) thinning and not extracranial (zygoma) thinning. Skull thinning occurs with IH and advancing age. These findings support a possible role of increased ICP in the pathophysiologic development of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E619-E626
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Opening pressure
  • Skull thickness
  • Spontaneous CSF leak
  • Tegmen
  • Thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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