Association of Self-Efficacy and Self-Regulation with Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors in a Community Sample of Adults

Carol Shieh, Michael T. Weaver, Kathleen M. Hanna, Kathleen Newsome, Mulubrhan Mogos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


This study examined the association of self-efficacy and self-regulation with nutrition and exercise behaviors. The study used a cross-sectional design and included 108 participants (54 men, 54 women). Nutrition behaviors (fruit/vegetable consumption, dinner cooking, and restaurant eating) and exercise were measured using total days in last week a behavior was reported. Instruments measuring self-efficacy and self-regulation demonstrated excellent Cronbach’s alphas (.93–.95). Path analysis indicated only fruit/vegetable consumption and exercise were associated with self-efficacy and self-regulation. Self-regulation showed direct association with fruit/vegetable consumption and exercise, but self-efficacy had direct association only with exercise. Self-efficacy and self-regulation should be strategically used to promote health behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-211
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Community Health Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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