Association of television violence exposure with executive functioning and white matter volume in young adult males

Tom A. Hummer, William Kronenberger, Yang Wang, Caitlin C. Anderson, Vincent Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prior research has indicated that self-reported violent media exposure is associated with poorer performance on some neuropsychological tests in adolescents. This study aimed to examine the relationship of executive functioning to violent television viewing in healthy young adult males and examine how brain structure is associated with media exposure measures. Sixty-five healthy adult males (ages 18-29) with minimal video game experience estimated their television viewing habits over the past year and, during the subsequent week, recorded television viewing time and characteristics in a daily media diary. Participants then completed a battery of neuropsychological laboratory tests quantifying executive functions and underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Aggregate measures of executive functioning were not associated with measures of overall television viewing (any content type) during the past week or year. However, the amount of television viewing of violent content only, as indicated by both past-year and daily diary measures, was associated with poorer scores on an aggregate score of inhibition, interference control and attention, with no relationship to a composite working memory score. In addition, violent television exposure, as measured with daily media diaries, was associated with reduced frontoparietal white matter volume. Future longitudinal work is necessary to resolve whether individuals with poor executive function and slower white matter growth are more drawn to violent programming, or if extensive media violence exposure modifies cognitive control mechanisms mediated primarily via prefrontal cortex. Impaired inhibitory mechanisms may be related to reported increases in aggression with higher media violence exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2634
Number of pages1
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Television
Young Adult
Neuropsychological Tests
Executive Function
Video Games
Prefrontal Cortex
Aggression
Short-Term Memory
Habits
White Matter
Exposure to Violence
Young Adults
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain
Growth
Research
Diary

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Inhibition
  • Media violence
  • Television
  • Voxel-based morphometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Association of television violence exposure with executive functioning and white matter volume in young adult males. / Hummer, Tom A.; Kronenberger, William; Wang, Yang; Anderson, Caitlin C.; Mathews, Vincent.

In: Brain and Cognition, Vol. 88, No. 1, 2014, p. 2634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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