Associations between driving performance and engaging in secondary tasks: A systematic review

Alva O. Ferdinand, Nir Menachemi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Scopus citations


We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature examining the relationship between driving performance and engaging in secondary tasks. We extracted data from abstracts of 206 empirical articles published between 1968 and 2012 and developed a logistic regression model to identify correlates of a detrimental relationship between secondary tasks and driving performance. Of 350 analyses, 80% reported finding a detrimental relationship. Studies using experimental designs were 37%less likely toreport a detrimental relationship (P = .014). Studies examining mobile phone use while drivingwere 16%more likely to find such a relationship (P = .009). Quasi-experiments can better determine the effects of secondary tasks on driving performance and consequently serve to inform policymakers interested in reducing distracted driving and increasing roadway safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e39-e48
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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