ATP analog specificity of cAMP‐dependent protein kinase, cGMP‐dependent protein kinase, and phosphorylase kinase

David A. FLOCKHART, Wolfgang FREIST, Jürgen HOPPE, Thomas M. LINCOLN, Jackie D. CORBIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ATP analog specificities of the homogeneous cGMP‐dependent protein kinase and the catalytic subunit of cAMP‐dependent protein kinase have been compared by the ability of 27 analogs to compete with ATP in the protein kinase reaction. Although the data suggest general similarities between the ATP sites of the two homologous cyclic‐nucleotide‐dependent protein kinases, specific differences especially in the adenine binding pocket are indicated. These differences in affinity suggest potentially useful ATP analog inhibitors of each kinase. For example, apparent autophosphorylation of the purified regulatory subunit of the cAMP‐dependent protein kinase is blocked by nebularin triphosphate, suggesting that the phosphorylation is catalyzed by trace contamination of cGMP‐dependent protein kinase. Some of the ATP analogs have also been tested using phosphorylase b kinase in order to compare this enzyme with the cyclic‐nucleotide‐dependent enzymes. All three protein kinases have high specificity for the purine moiety of ATP, and lower specificity for the ribose or triphosphate. The similarity between the ATP site of phosphorylase b kinase to that of the cyclic‐nucleotide‐dependent protein kinases suggests that it is related to them. The ATP analog specificities of enzymes examined in this study are different from those reported for several unrelated ATP‐utilizing enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-295
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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