Attachment and proliferation of dental pulp stem cells on dentine treated with different regenerative endodontic protocols

M. A. Alghilan, L. J. Windsor, J. Palasuk, G. H. Yassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the attachment and proliferation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) on dentine treated with various endodontic regeneration protocols. Methodology: Standardized dentine samples were irrigated with sodium hypochlorite (1.5% NaOCl) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (17% EDTA) and randomized into four treatment groups and two control groups. The treatment groups were treated with a clinically used concentration of triple antibiotic paste (TAP), double antibiotic paste (DAP), calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) or diluted TAP in a methylcellulose system (DTAP) for 1 week. Each sample in the treatment groups was then irrigated with EDTA. The two control groups were treated with EDTA or received no treatment. Dental pulp stem cells were seeded on each dentine specimen (10 000 cells). Lactate dehydrogenase activity assays were then performed to evaluate the attached DPSC after 1 day of incubation. Water-soluble tetrazolium assays were used to determine DPSC proliferation after three additional days of incubation. Friedman's test followed by least significant difference were used for statistical analyses (α = 0.05). Results: Triple antibiotic paste and DTAP regeneration protocols, as well as EDTA-treated dentine, caused significant increases in DPSC attachment to dentine. Triple antibiotic paste, DAP and Ca(OH)2 regeneration protocols caused significant reductions in DPSC proliferation on dentine. However, the DTAP regeneration protocol did not have any significant negative effects on DPSC proliferation. Conclusions: The clinically used endodontic regeneration protocols that include the use of TAP, DAP or Ca(OH)2 medicament negatively affected DPSC proliferation on dentine. However, the use of DTAP medicament during regenerative endodontic treatment may not adversely affect the proliferation of DPSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-675
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • calcium hydroxide
  • dental pulp stem cells
  • endodontic regeneration
  • ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
  • triple antibiotic paste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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