Atubular glomeruli in a rat model of polycystic kidney disease

George A. Tanner, Marcus A. Tielker, Bret A. Connors, Carrie Phillips, Judith A. Tanner, Andrew Evan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that often leads to end-stage renal disease. The basis for this decline in GFR is poorly understood. Methods. Glomeruli in heterozygous Han:SPRD rats with ADPKD and their normal litter mates were studied by light microscopy, using serial sectioning techniques. The connections of the renal corpuscles to proximal tubules were classified as normal, atrophied, or absent (atubular glomerulus). Renal corpuscles also were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Single nephron glomerular blood flows were determined using microspheres. Results. In the kidneys of six-month-old rats with ADPKD, 50% of the glomeruli were atubular and another 26% were associated with atrophied neck segments; these glomeruli were most often smaller in size than normal. About 16% of the glomeruli were hypertrophied and had normal connections to proximal tubules. Sclerotic changes in cystic kidney glomeruli were usually mild or moderate, and belied the failure of glomerular function. Glomerular blood flow in the cystic kidneys averaged half of normal and was markedly heterogeneous; the majority of small glomeruli displayed very low blood flows and a few showed relatively high blood flows. Fewer glomerular abnormalities were found in rats treated for five months with potassium citrate in their drinking water. Conclusions. The diminished GFR in the rat with ADPKD can be accounted for largely by the formation of atubular glomeruli. Compensatory glomerular hypertrophy also is present and may contribute to the progression of the renal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1947-1957
Number of pages11
JournalKidney International
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney
Polycystic Kidney Diseases
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Cystic Kidney Diseases
Kidney
Potassium Citrate
Kidney Glomerulus
Nephrons
Microspheres
Drinking Water
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Hypertrophy
Chronic Kidney Failure
Disease Progression
Microscopy
Neck
Light

Keywords

  • Atubular glomerulus
  • Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease
  • Glomerular filtration rate and PKD
  • Han:SPRD rat
  • Hypertrophy
  • Progressive renal disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Atubular glomeruli in a rat model of polycystic kidney disease. / Tanner, George A.; Tielker, Marcus A.; Connors, Bret A.; Phillips, Carrie; Tanner, Judith A.; Evan, Andrew.

In: Kidney International, Vol. 62, No. 6, 2002, p. 1947-1957.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanner, George A. ; Tielker, Marcus A. ; Connors, Bret A. ; Phillips, Carrie ; Tanner, Judith A. ; Evan, Andrew. / Atubular glomeruli in a rat model of polycystic kidney disease. In: Kidney International. 2002 ; Vol. 62, No. 6. pp. 1947-1957.
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abstract = "Background. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that often leads to end-stage renal disease. The basis for this decline in GFR is poorly understood. Methods. Glomeruli in heterozygous Han:SPRD rats with ADPKD and their normal litter mates were studied by light microscopy, using serial sectioning techniques. The connections of the renal corpuscles to proximal tubules were classified as normal, atrophied, or absent (atubular glomerulus). Renal corpuscles also were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Single nephron glomerular blood flows were determined using microspheres. Results. In the kidneys of six-month-old rats with ADPKD, 50{\%} of the glomeruli were atubular and another 26{\%} were associated with atrophied neck segments; these glomeruli were most often smaller in size than normal. About 16{\%} of the glomeruli were hypertrophied and had normal connections to proximal tubules. Sclerotic changes in cystic kidney glomeruli were usually mild or moderate, and belied the failure of glomerular function. Glomerular blood flow in the cystic kidneys averaged half of normal and was markedly heterogeneous; the majority of small glomeruli displayed very low blood flows and a few showed relatively high blood flows. Fewer glomerular abnormalities were found in rats treated for five months with potassium citrate in their drinking water. Conclusions. The diminished GFR in the rat with ADPKD can be accounted for largely by the formation of atubular glomeruli. Compensatory glomerular hypertrophy also is present and may contribute to the progression of the renal disease.",
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N2 - Background. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that often leads to end-stage renal disease. The basis for this decline in GFR is poorly understood. Methods. Glomeruli in heterozygous Han:SPRD rats with ADPKD and their normal litter mates were studied by light microscopy, using serial sectioning techniques. The connections of the renal corpuscles to proximal tubules were classified as normal, atrophied, or absent (atubular glomerulus). Renal corpuscles also were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Single nephron glomerular blood flows were determined using microspheres. Results. In the kidneys of six-month-old rats with ADPKD, 50% of the glomeruli were atubular and another 26% were associated with atrophied neck segments; these glomeruli were most often smaller in size than normal. About 16% of the glomeruli were hypertrophied and had normal connections to proximal tubules. Sclerotic changes in cystic kidney glomeruli were usually mild or moderate, and belied the failure of glomerular function. Glomerular blood flow in the cystic kidneys averaged half of normal and was markedly heterogeneous; the majority of small glomeruli displayed very low blood flows and a few showed relatively high blood flows. Fewer glomerular abnormalities were found in rats treated for five months with potassium citrate in their drinking water. Conclusions. The diminished GFR in the rat with ADPKD can be accounted for largely by the formation of atubular glomeruli. Compensatory glomerular hypertrophy also is present and may contribute to the progression of the renal disease.

AB - Background. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that often leads to end-stage renal disease. The basis for this decline in GFR is poorly understood. Methods. Glomeruli in heterozygous Han:SPRD rats with ADPKD and their normal litter mates were studied by light microscopy, using serial sectioning techniques. The connections of the renal corpuscles to proximal tubules were classified as normal, atrophied, or absent (atubular glomerulus). Renal corpuscles also were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Single nephron glomerular blood flows were determined using microspheres. Results. In the kidneys of six-month-old rats with ADPKD, 50% of the glomeruli were atubular and another 26% were associated with atrophied neck segments; these glomeruli were most often smaller in size than normal. About 16% of the glomeruli were hypertrophied and had normal connections to proximal tubules. Sclerotic changes in cystic kidney glomeruli were usually mild or moderate, and belied the failure of glomerular function. Glomerular blood flow in the cystic kidneys averaged half of normal and was markedly heterogeneous; the majority of small glomeruli displayed very low blood flows and a few showed relatively high blood flows. Fewer glomerular abnormalities were found in rats treated for five months with potassium citrate in their drinking water. Conclusions. The diminished GFR in the rat with ADPKD can be accounted for largely by the formation of atubular glomeruli. Compensatory glomerular hypertrophy also is present and may contribute to the progression of the renal disease.

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