Azidopine noncompetitively interacts with vinblastine and cyclosporin A binding to P-glycoprotein in multidrug resistant cells

I. Tamai, A. R. Safa

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Abstract

It is believed that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an energy-dependent drug efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug resistant (MDR) cells. In this study, we investigated whether azidopine, a photoactive dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker, is transported by P-gp in MDR Chinese hamster lung cells, DC-3F/VCRd-5L, and whether its binding site(s) on P-gp are distinct from those of Vinca alkaloids and cyclosporins. The efflux of azidopine from MDR cells was energy-dependent and inhibited by the cytotoxic agent vinblastine (VBL). Cyclosporin A (CsA), a modulator of MDR, also increased azidopine accumulation in MDR cells by decreasing the energy-dependent efflux of azidopine. P-gp in these cells was the only protein specifically bound to [3H]azidopine in photoaffinity experiments. The specific photoaffinity labeling of P-gp by [3H]azidopine was inhibited by CsA, SDZ 33-243, nonradioactive azidopine, and VBL with median concentrations (IC50) of 0.5, 0.62, 1.7, and 25 μM, respectively. The equilibrium binding of azidopine to plasma membranes of MDR variant DC-3F/VCRd-5L cells showed a single class of specific binding sites having a dissociation constant of 1.20 μM and a maximum binding capacity of 4.47 nmol/mg of protein. Kinetic analysis indicated that the inhibitory effect of VBL and CsA on azidopine binding to plasma membranes of MDR cells was noncompetitive, indicating that azidopine binds to P-gp at a binding site(s) different from the binding site(s) of these drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16796-16800
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number25
StatePublished - Nov 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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