B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Predict Ventricular Arrhythmia Post Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation

Yaron Hellman, Adnan S. Malik, Hongbo Lin, Changyu Shen, I. Wen Wang, Thomas C. Wozniak, Zubair A. Hashmi, Jeanette Pickrell, Milena Jani, Marco A. Caccamo, Irmina Gradus-Pizlo, Azam Hadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been shown to predict ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and sudden death in patients with heart failure. We sought to determine whether BNP levels before left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation can predict VA post LVAD implantation in advanced heart failure patients. We conducted a retrospective study consisting of patients who underwent LVAD implantation in our institution during the period of May 2009-March 2013. The study was limited to patients receiving a HeartMate II or HeartWare LVAD. Acute myocardial infarction patients were excluded. We compared between the patients who developed VA within 15 days post LVAD implantation to the patients without VA. A total of 85 patients underwent LVAD implantation during the study period. Eleven patients were excluded (five acute MI, four without BNP measurements, and two discharged earlier than 13 days post LVAD implantation). The incidence of VA was 31%, with 91% ventricular tachycardia (VT) and 9% ventricular fibrillation. BNP remained the single most powerful predictor of VA even after adjustment for other borderline significant factors in a multivariate logistic regression model (P<0.05). BNP levels are a strong predictor of VA post LVAD implantation, surpassing previously described risk factors such as age and VT in the past.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1051-1055
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015



  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • Left ventricular assist device
  • Ventricular arrhythmia
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hellman, Y., Malik, A. S., Lin, H., Shen, C., Wang, I. W., Wozniak, T. C., Hashmi, Z. A., Pickrell, J., Jani, M., Caccamo, M. A., Gradus-Pizlo, I., & Hadi, A. (2015). B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Predict Ventricular Arrhythmia Post Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation. Artificial Organs, 39(12), 1051-1055. https://doi.org/10.1111/aor.12486