Bacterial pneumonia in immunocompromised patients

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immunocompromised patients develop infections resulting from a wide range of organisms. The most commonly encountered type of infection is bacterial in origin. Many of the infections are community-acquired pneumonias in which most of the infections are caused by organisms that typically produce disease in the healthy person. Hospital-acquired pneumonias are particularly serious, being caused by the highly virulent gram-negative bacilli and Staphylococcus aureus. Immunocompromised patients frequently have indwelling intravascular catheters. These catheters may become infected and seed the lung with septic emboli, producing a hematogenous pneumonia. Underlying conditions and therapy increase the risk for aspiration in the immunocompromised patient. These aspirations can result in the development of an aspiration pneumonia and lung abscess formation. The majority of pneumonias resulting from Legionella and Nocardia occur in immunocompromised patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Thoracic Imaging
Volume13
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1998

Fingerprint

Bacterial Pneumonia
Immunocompromised Host
Pneumonia
Community-Acquired Infections
Lung Abscess
Aspiration Pneumonia
Nocardia
Legionella
Indwelling Catheters
Infection
Embolism
Bacterial Infections
Bacillus
Staphylococcus aureus
Seeds
Catheters
Lung
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Infection
  • Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Bacterial pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. / Conces, Dewey.

In: Journal of Thoracic Imaging, Vol. 13, No. 4, 10.1998, p. 261-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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