J. Wachira, A. F. Chite, V. Naanyu, N. Busakhala, J. Kisuya, A. Keter, A. Mwangi, Thomas Inui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: To conduct clinical breast cancer screening in three sites in Western Kenya and explore community barriers to screening uptake.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

SETTING: Western Kenya specifically, Mosoriot, Turbo, and Kapsokwony.

SUBJECTS: Community members (18 years and older) who did not attend the screening events.

OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome measure was having heard about the breast cancer screening events. Both structured and open-ended questions were used for data collection. Item frequency, correlations, and content analyses were performed.

RESULTS: A total of 733 community members were surveyed (63% women, median age 33 years, IQR = 26-43). More than half (55%) of respondents had heard about the screening but did not attend. The majority of those who had heard about this particular screening had knowledge of screening availability in general (45% vs. 25%, p < 0.001). Only 8.0% of those who heard and 6.0% of those who had not heard of the screening event had previously undergone clinical breast exam (p = 0.20). Reasons for not attending the screening event were personal factors, including busy schedule (41.0%), perceived low personal risk (12.7%), lack of transport (4.2%), as well as health facility factors such as poor publicity (14.4%) and long queues (8.7%).

CONCLUSION: Barriers to breast cancer screening uptake were associated with inadequate publicity, perceived long waits at event and busy lives among community women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-397
Number of pages7
JournalEast African Medical Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Wachira, J., Chite, A. F., Naanyu, V., Busakhala, N., Kisuya, J., Keter, A., Mwangi, A., & Inui, T. (2014). BARRIERS TO UPTAKE OF BREAST CANCER SCREENING IN KENYA. East African Medical Journal, 91(11), 391-397.