Behavioral health and treatment utilization among youth involved in the juvenile justice system

Matthew C. Aalsma, Katherine Schwartz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to briefly review the extent of behavioral healthcare problems among youth involved in the juvenile justice system and outline efforts to meet the needs of these vulnerable youth. Research has shown that the treatment utilization rates of youth involved in juvenile justice are alarmingly low. Mental health and substance use disorders are associated with both delinquency and criminal recidivism, warranting efforts to increase youth participation in effective behavioral health treatment services. Youth assigned to juvenile probation, which is the most common outcome for youth involved in juvenile justice, may be court-ordered to behavioral healthcare services and must access care in the community, so improving treatment utilization among this population is especially important. This chapter highlights the Juvenile Justice Behavioral Health Services Cascade, which serves as a framework for identifying gaps in effective treatment of mental health and substance use issues among youth probationers. Promising research findings regarding two intervention approaches, patient navigation and family engagement, suggest ways to improve behavioral health service utilization among youth involved in juvenile justice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRoutledge International Handbook of Delinquency and Health
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages257-268
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781000020854
ISBN (Print)9780367256920
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Aalsma, M. C., & Schwartz, K. (2019). Behavioral health and treatment utilization among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. In Routledge International Handbook of Delinquency and Health (pp. 257-268). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429289194-19